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Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy

Treatment that aims to reduce your pain and improve your mobility


Physiotherapy can help with muscle, joint and nerve pain or stiffness. Your Physiotherapist will fully assess you and determine through inquiry and physical tests which structures are affected and the diagnosis suggested by the findings. A plan can then be made to address them.


Common Conditions that Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy can help include:

  • Spinal pain:

    • Disc pain, prolapse and herniation,

    • Facet joint arthritis,

    • Muscle sprain, lumbago

    • Stenosis

    • Whiplash

  • Knee pain:

    • Osteoarthritis

    • Patellofemoral Pain or chondromalacia

    • Patellar or quadriceps tendinopathy / tendonitis.

    • Ligament injuries, e.g. to the cruciate ligaments (ACL and PCL), and the collateral ligaments (MCL and LCL).

    • Meniscal injuries or tears (this is a specialised cartilage).

  • Shoulder pain:

    • Rotator cuff tendon pain or tears, impingement, rotator cuff tears

    • Frozen shoulder

    • Osteoarthritis

    • Shoulder dislocation or instability

    • Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) pain, dislocation or osteoarthritis

    • Rehabilitation after fractures.

  • Wrist, hand and elbow pain:

    • Osteoarthritis

    • Tennis and Golfer’s elbow

    • Carpal Tunnel and cubital tunnel syndromes

    • DeQuervain’s Tenosynovitis

  • Ankle, foot and toe pain:​

    • Ankle sprains

    • Plantar fasciitis

    • Tibialis posterior syndrome

    • Osteoarthritis


The Physiotherapy treatment commonly includes:

  • Exercises tailored to the problems found, such as to strengthen injured or weak muscles and tendons, improve mobility in stiff joints, encourage nerve mobility and blood flow and exercises to encourage the return of normal coordinated movement patterns.

  • Manual therapy, which is hands on treatment including mobilization of joints, soft tissue massage and manipulation.

  • Acupuncture; using fine needles applied to Traditional Chinese Medicine meridian points to reduce pain and support healing.

  • Therapeutic ultrasound to aid tissue healing.

  • Advising upon and modifying stress on the tissues by aids such as sports tape, splints, walking aids and footwear.

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